Research within life sciences covers a whole range of scientific disciplines including neurosciences, plant sciences, physiology, pharmacology, cancer studies, microbiology, genomics, bioinformatics, biotechnology and stem cell research. The work is close to the medical sciences but also crosses over into other areas such as biochemistry.
China has experienced the strongest growth in scientific research over the past three decades. The country is a land of scientific opportunity, with energetic young researchers and a government that is delivering on its commitment to research and development funding. China will be producing more scientific research than any other country within a decade, according to an analysis of the nation’s “awe-inspiring” academic growth. Chinese students and scientists with international experience are beginning to feel that the best job opportunities are at home.
Science and Research consist in researching into questions posed by scientific theories and hypotheses. A broad definition of research is given by Martyn Shuttleworth – “In the broadest sense of the word, the definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge.” It consists of three steps: pose a question, collect data to answer the question, and present an answer to the question.
Steps of the Scientific Process
Setting a goal: research in all disciplines and subjects, not just science, must begin with a clearly defined goal. This usually, but not always, takes the form of a hypothesis.
Interpretation of the results: research does require some interpretation and extrapolation of results. In scientific research, there is always some kind of connection between data (information gathered) and why the scientist thinks that the data looks as it does.
Replication and gradual accumulation: for any study, there must be a clear procedure so that the experiment can be replicated and the results verified.
Conclusion: to research revolves around using the scientific method to generate hypotheses and provide analyzable results. All scientific research has a goal and ultimate aim, repeated and refined experimentation gradually reaching an answer.
Typical work activities
- devising and conducting experiments
- processing and analyzing results and data
- communicating results to the scientific community via published papers
- collaborating with industry to apply the results of research and develop new techniques or products;
- presenting ongoing work and findings to colleagues at academic conferences, and summarizing the nature of their research, their methodology and their findings
Jobs opportunities / positions
Careers in science demand large amounts of education and some require extensive research just to qualify for a position. For most science jobs you need at least a bachelor’s degree and an increasing number are asking for a master’s or a doctorate.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), here are the top 3 jobs in science (based on the projected job growth)
- Environmental scientists research issues relating to natural resources, plants, animals and humans. They use their findings to spread awareness about pollution and how it can be prevented.
- Hydrologists study bodies of water and rainfall throughout the world. Their research helps other scientists, governments and businesses understand what pollutants are affecting the water supply.
- Geoscientists (except hydrologists and geographers) study the characteristics of the Earth in an attempt to understand its origins and how it has evolved.
Average and median annual salary in China in pharmaceutical sector (RMB)
- Brand manager: 400k/600k
- Clinical research manager: 250k/350k
- Product manager: 200k/400k
- R&D director: 800k/1.5M
Much like the United States and other Western countries, China is looking to build its internal research capacity even as it looks outward for scientific talent. In recent years, China has negotiated scientific cooperation and exchange agreements with the United States, Canada, the European Union, and many Asian countries. The rapid growth in China’s scientific research capability is a direct result of government policies that tie its economic growth strategies to technological development. China is transitioning from a labor-based economy to a high-technology and innovation-based economy, and this contributes to a positive scientific environment.
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